The land captured by Joshua and the Israelites included “Baal Gad in the valley of Lebanon at the foot of Mount Hermon” (Joshua 11:17). Today we call this valley to the east of Mount Hermon the Beka Valley. Some have suggested that Baal Gad might be the site later known as Paneas (now Banias), and later Caesarea Philippi. Dan is another important biblical town located at the foothills of Mount Hermon.
Brethren dwelling together in unity is said to be “like the dew of Hermon Coming down upon the mountains of Zion” (Psalm 133:3). Mount Hermon receives an annual average of about 60 inches of precipitation. In the winter the mountain is usually fully covered with snow.
The proximity of Mount Hermon to Caesarea Philippi, where Jesus was confessed to be the Christ, and where he promised to build the church, causes many scholars to suggest it as the “high mountain” of the transfiguration (Matthew 16:13 – 17:1-9).